What happened in history on this day: July 18?|
On July 18 in ...
- 64 - Great Fire of Rome begins.
- 1013 - Birth of Hermann von Reichenau in Saulgau, (Germany); chronicler of information.
- 1066 - Death of St. Answer by stoning in far north of German area (born about 1035); Benedictine monk.
- 1374 - Francesco Petrarch Italian poet, dies at age 69.
- 1504 - Birth of Heinrich Bullinger in Bremgarten, Switzerland; contributed to moving Switzerland to Protestantism.
- 1536 - Pope's authority declared void in England.
- 1552 - Birth of Rudolf II in Vienna Austria; Holy Roman Emperor (1576-1612).
- 1635 - In Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England, Robert Hooke is born; physicist.
- 1650 - Christoph Scheiner German astronomer, dies at age 74.
- 1716 - Jews are expelled from Brussels Belgium.
- 1720 - Birth of Gilbert White "father of British naturalists".
- 1753 - Lemuel Haynes, escapes from slaveholder in Framingham Massachusetts
- 1792 - Death of John Paul Jones, American naval hero ("I have not yet begun to fight").
- 1794 - The Bank of Maryland makes the first deposit of silver bullion at the US Mint, $80,715.735 in French coins.
- 1796 - Birth of Feargus O'Connor in County Cork, England; leader of the English Chartists.
- 1811 - Birth of William Makepeace Thackeray in England; Victorian novelist (Vanity Fair).
- 1814 - British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisconsin).
- 1848 - Birth of William Gilbert Grace; Victorian England's greatest cricket player (dies 1915).
- 1853 - First train to cross the US-Canada boundary, from Portland, Maine to Montréal, Quebec.
- 1853 - Birth of Hendrik Antoon Lorentz in Holland; physicist (Nobel Prize 1902).
- 1853 - Completion of Grand Trunk Line, America's first international railroad.
- 1861 - Federal government of Confederación Granadina ceases to exist.
- 1865 - Birth of Laurence Housman in England; author/playwright (Victoria Regina).
- 1872 - Benito Juárez, Mexican president, Cuban justice/general (battle of Acapulco), dies at age 66.
- 1872 - Britain introduces secret ballot voting.
- 1890 - Birth of Charles Wilson; President of General Motors (1940-53), Secretary of Defence (1953-57).
- 1891 - Birth of Gene Lockhart in New York City, New York, USA; actor (Going My Way).
- 1894 - Birth of Bernard Wagenaar in Arnhem, Holland; composer ("Three Songs for the Chinese").
- 1903 - Birth of Chill Wills in Seagoville, Texas, USA; actor (Frontier Circus, Rounders).
- 1904 - P Gotz discovers asteroid #538 Friederike.
- 1906 - Birth of Clifford Odets; US dramatist (1961 Award of Merit - Golden Boy).
- 1906 - Birth of S.I. Hayakawa; American politician (Senator-Republican-California), educator (Language in Action) (dies 1992).
- 1909 - Birth of Andrei Gromyko; USSR diplomat/USSR President (1985-89).
- 1909 - Birth of Harriet Nelson in Des Moines, Iowa, USA; actress (Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet).
- 1911 - Birth of Hume Cronyn in London, Ontario, Canada; actor (The World According to Garp, Cocoon).
- 1913 - Birth of Richard Bernard "Red" Skelton; comedian (Clem Kadiddlehopper, Freddie the Freeloader) (dies 1997).
- 1913 - Birth of Marvin Miller in Saint Louis, Missouri, USA; actor (Space Patrol, Millionaire).
- 1914 - Birth of Mack Robinson; US 200m dash (Olympic-silver-1932).
- 1914 - US army air service first comes into being, in the Signal Corps.
- 1916 - Birth of Harriet Hilliard Nelson; singer/actress (Ozzie and Harriet).
- 1918 - Birth of Jane Frazee in Duluth, Minnesota, USA; actress/singer (Alice - Beulah).
- 1918 - Birth of Nelson Mandela in Qunu, South Africa; political prisoner (African National Congress), South African President.
- 1918 - Birth of Pamela Brown in England; actress (Alice in Wonderland, Dracula).
- 1918 - US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive.
- 1921 - Birth of John H Glenn Junior in Cambridge, Ohio, USA; Colonel US Marine Corp astronaut (Mercury 6), politician (Senator-Democrat-Ohio).
- 1924 - Birth of Howard Roberts in Burlington, New Jersey, USA; choral director (Leslie Uggams Show).
- 1924 - Birth of Inge Sörensen in Denmark; 200m breaststroke (Olympic-bronze-1936).
- 1925 - Birth of Shirley Strickland de la Hunty in Austria; 100m dash (Olympics-bronze-1948).
- 1926 - Birth of Jane Hylton in London, England; actress (Adventures of Sir Lancelot).
- 1929 - Birth of "Screamin Jay" Hawkins in Cleveland, Ohio, USA; rocker ("I Put a Spell on You").
- 1929 - Birth of Dick Button; commentator/figure skater (Olympic-gold-1948, 1952).
- 1931 - First air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched.
- 1932 - US and Canada sign a treaty to develop Saint Lawrence Seaway.
- 1933 - Birth of R Murray Schafer in Sarnia, Ontario, Canada; composer (Patria).
- 1933 - Birth of Yevgeny Yevtushenko in Russia; poet (Bratsk Station).
- 1935 - Birth of Tenley Albright; American doctor/figure skater (Olympic-gold-1956).
- 1936 - Spanish Civil War begins, General Francisco Franco leads uprising in Spanish Morocco.
- 1938 - Birth of Britt Leach in Gadsen, Alabama, USA; actor (Mickey - Spencer's Pilots).
- 1939 - Birth of Brian Auger in London, England; fusion keyboardist (Befour, Genesis).
- 1939 - Birth of Dion DiMucci in the Bronx, New York, USA; rocker (Dion and the Belmonts - "Teenager in Love").
- 1939 - Birth of Hunter S Thompson; writer (Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas).
- 1940 - First successful helicopter flight, Stratford, Connecticut, USA.
- 1940 - Birth of James Brolin in Los Angeles, California, USA; actor (Dr Kiley - Marcus Welby, Peter - Hotel).
- 1940 - Birth of Joseph Torre; outfield/manager (Atlanta Braves, New York Mets, 1971 National League Most Valuable Player).
- 1941 - Birth of Lonnie Mack in Aurora, Indiana, USA; rocker ("Baby What's Wrong").
- 1941 - Birth of Marcia Jones in Smoke, Oklahoma, USA; 500m kayak (Olympic-bronze-1964).
- 1941 - Birth of Martha Reeves in Detroit, Michigan, USA; singer (Martha and the Vandellas - "Dancing in the Street").
- 1942 - First legal New Jersey horse race in 50 years; Garden State Park track opens.
- 1942 - German Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe, first jet fighter, takes first flight.
- 1944 - Birth of Jonelle Allen in New York City, New York, USA; actress (Bessie - Palmerstown USA, Berringers).
- 1947 - Birth of Ayn Rumen in Brooklyn, New York, USA; actress (Janet - The McLean Stevenson Show).
- 1947 - Detroit Tigers shut out New York Yankees 2-0, end 19-game win streak.
- 1947 - The United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands becomes effective, creating seven administrative districts of over 2000 islands in the Pacific Ocean liberated from Japanese occupation and control: Kosrae, Marshall Islands, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Ponape, Truk, and Yap.
- 1948 - Pat Seerey of Chicago White Sox hits four home runs in a game.
- 1951 - Jersey Joe Walcott knocks out Ezzard Charles in five rounds for heavyweight belt. At age 37 Walcott is the oldest boxer to win the title.
- 1951 - Uruguay accepts its constitution.
- 1954 - Birth of Ricky Skaggs; singer ("Toy Hearts", "Two Different Worlds").
- 1954 - Saint Louis Cardinals, losing 8-1 to Philadelphia Phillies begin stalling in 5th; they forfeit game.
- 1955 - Disneyland opens to the public, with general admission costing US$1. Cost of the twenty attractions range from 10c to 35c.
- 1955 - First electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially.
- 1955 - Birth of Teresa Ann Savoy in London, England; actress (Caligula).
- 1958 - Birth of Nigel Twist; rocker (The Alarm - "In the Summertime").
- 1959 - Birth of Audrey Landers in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; actress (Afton - Dallas, Chorus Line).
- 1960 - Baseball's National League votes to add Houston and New York franchises.
- 1961 - Birth of Elizabeth McGovern in Evanston, Illinois, USA; actress (Once Upon a Time in America).
- 1964 - Race riot in Harlem, New York City; riots spread to Bedford-Stuyvesant (Brooklyn).
- 1965 - Zond 3 launched to fly by Moon, enters solar orbit.
- 1966 - Bobby Fuller, rocker ("I Fought the Law"), found dead.
- 1966 - Gemini X is launched.
- 1967 - Silver hits record US$1.87 an ounce in New York.
- 1968 - C Torres discovers asteroid #2654 Ristenpart.
- 1968 - Intel incorporates.
- 1969 - Barbara Pepper, actress (Doris Ziffel - Green Acres), dies at age 57.
- 1970 - Arthur Brown arrested for stripping on stage in Palemo, Sicily.
- 1970 - Birth of Patrick Dancy; TV rocker (Guys Next Door-I Was Made For You).
- 1970 - Ron Hunt gets hit by a pitch for a record 119th time.
- 1970 - Willie Mays hits number 3,000.
- 1972 - 200,000 attend Mount Pocono rock festival in Pennsylvania.
- 1973 - Jack Hawkins, actor (Ben - Four Just Men), dies at age 62.
- 1974 - World's tallest structure, 646m Polish radio mast, completed.
- 1978 - Billy Martin suspends Reggie Jackson for not bunting.
- 1978 - Egyptian and Israeli officials begin two days of talks.
- 1979 - Gold hits record US$303.85 an ounce in London, England.
- 1980 - Rohini 1, first Indian satellite, launches into orbit.
- 1983 - Birth of Aaron Gillespie; drummer (Underoath).
- 1984 - Birth of Lee Barnard, English football player.
- 1984 - Birth of Josh Harding, Canadian hockey player (Minnesota Wild).
- 1984 - In San Ysidro, California, 41-year-old James Oliver Huberty sprays a McDonald's restaurant with gunfire, killing 21 people before being shot and killed by police.
- 1986 - Videotapes released showing Titanic's sunken remains.
- 1986 - Fox releases the film Aliens to theaters.
- 1987 - Molly Yard elected new president of US National Organization for Women.
- 1987 - New York Yankees' Don Mattingly ties major league record (Dale Long, 1956) of home runs in eight consecutive games.
- 1989 - Death of Donnie Moore, baseball player (suicide) (born 1954).
- 1989 - Rebecca Schaeffer, actress (My Sister Sam) is shot dead by a fan at age 21.
- 1990 - Buena Vista releases the Hollywood Pictures / Amblin Entertainment live-action feature film Arachnophobia to theaters. This is the first Hollywood Pictures' release.
- 1990 - Karl Menninger, psychiatrist (Menninger Clinic), dies at age 96 from cancer.
- 1990 - Death of Yun Po Sun, President of South Korea (born 1897).
- 1991 - In Romania, a magnitude 5.6 earthquake occurs. Felt strongly in western Romania and in northwestern Bulgaria. Also felt in southeastern Hungary and in parts of Yugoslavia.
- 1991 - Death of André Cools, Belgian politician (assassinated) (born 1927).
- 1994 - In Buenos Aires, a terrorist attack destroys a building housing several Jewish organizations, killing 85 and injuring many more.
- 1994 - Trailing 11-0 after three innings, the Houston Astros pull off a major comeback defeating the Saint Louis Cardinals, 15-12.
- 1995 - Death of Fabio Casartelli, Italian cyclist (born 1970).
- 1997 - In Eastern Caucasus, a magnitude 4.2 earthquake occurs. About 5,000 houses damaged.
- 1999 - David Cone pitches a perfect game, the 16th in history, as the New York Yankees defeat the Montreal Expos, 6-0, to celebrate Yogi Berra Day.
- 2000 - Alex Salmond resigns as the leader of the Scottish National Party.
- 2001 - In Baltimore, Maryland, a 60-car train derailment occurs in a tunnel, sparking a fire that lasts days and virtually shuts down downtown Baltimore.
- 2001 - Universal releases the film Jurassic Park III to theaters.
- 2003 - The Convention on the Future of Europe finishes its work and proposes the first European Constitution.
- 2003 - The body of David Kelly, a scientist at the British Ministry of Defence, is found a few miles from his home, leading to the Hutton inquiry.
- 2004 - Todd Hamilton wins The Open Championship at Royal Troon Golf Club.
- 2006 - The SS Nomadic, the last floating link to RMS Titanic, returns home to a great reception in Belfast, Ireland.
- 2007 - At the height of rush hour in New York City a major steam pipe bursts, releasing millions of gallons of boiling water and super heated steam. Only one fatality occurs, a pedestrian who goes into cardiac arrest.
- 2007 - Nelson Mandela convenes a group of world leaders to contribute their wisdom, independent leadership and integrity to tackle some of the world's toughest problems as he turns 89.
- 2007 - Franco-Spanish cigarette-maker Altadis agrees to 16.2 billion euro (US$22.4 billion) takeover offer by Britain's Imperial Tobacco.
- 2008 - Paramount releases the film Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull to theaters.
- 2008 - Universal releases the film Mamma Mia! to theaters.
- 2008 - Warner Bros. Pictures releases the film The Dark Knight to theaters in the USA and Canada. The film sets a one-day US box office record, generating ticket sales of US$66.4 million on opening day. The opening weekend also sets a record, taking in US$155 million.
- 2010 - In Iraq, two suicide bombers target the government-backed Sons of Iraq militia, killing at least 48 people and wounding 46 at a military checkpoint.
- 2011 - Price of gold passes $1600 per ounce for the first time.
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